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Wednesday, December 07, 2005

Violent crime in American cities

I've been going through some violent crime statistics and made this list showing the number of homicides in some of the biggest American cities. The numbers below the city names are the total population of the city in question (metropolitan areas not included), the amount of homicides and the amount of homicides per 100 000.

-Camden (New Jersey):
80 000, 49 homicides, 61/100 000
-New Orleans (Louisiana):
500 000, 265 homicides, 53/100 000
-Detroit (Michigan):
900 000, 384 homicides 42/100 000
-Washington DC:
560 000, 198 homicides, 35/100 000
-Atlanta (Georgia):
420 000, 112 homicides, 26/100 000
-Philadelphia (Pennsylvania):
1 500 000, 330 homicides, 22/100 000
-Miami (Florida):
380 000, 69 homicides, 18/100 000
-Phoenix (Arizona):
1 300 000, 202 homicides, 16/100 000
-Memphis (Tennessee):
650 000, 105 homicides, 16/100 000
-Chicago (Illinois):
2 900 000, 448 homicides 15/100 000
-Houston (Texas):
2 000 000, 272 homicides, 14/100 000
-Los Angeles (California):
3 700 000, 518 homicides, 14/100 000
-Boston (Massachusetts):
590 000, 61 homicides, 10/100 000
-Jersey City (New Jersey):
240 000, 23 homicides, 10/100 000
-San Francisco (California):
750 000, 67 homicides, 9/100 000
-New York (New York):
8 200 000, 572 homicides, 7/100 000
-Honolulu (Hawaii):
370 000, 26 homicides, 7/100 000
-Anaheim (California):
330 000, 10 homicides, 3/100 000

National homicide average is 5.5 per 100 000 (Japan 1, the UK 2, Finland 3, Russia 20).

There's a correlation between race and exceptionally high violent crime levels. The most violent cities; Camden, Washington DC, Detroit, New Orleans and Atlanta all have black majorities. Most of the crime occurs in specific neighborhoods, not all around the city. This could lead back to the days of segregation when all-black neighborhoods were built, artificially, and drug markets started to concentrate on specific black neighborhoods. Partial legalization of drugs could help move the markets off these neighborhoods.

Some cities, such as New York, Los Angeles and Chicago have greatly reduced violent crime rates during the past fifteen years. New York reduced homicides (along with other violent and non-violent crime) by 75% during that period (and is now the safest big city in the United States). This has been due to improved crime-fighting techniques, brought on by the NYPD, later adopted by police departments in Los Angeles and Chicago. Gentrification has also played a keyrole in transforming violent neighborhoods.

Sources:
-"AreaConnect" webpage lists homicides for each city. Type http://"cityname".areaconnect.com/crime1.htm. For example, if you wish to see crime statistics for Detroit, type: http://detroit.areaconnect.com/crime1.htm
-Also check Wikipedia for general city information.
-Official statistics are available at State Police Department websites. Go to Google and type "Detroit Police Department" or "Detroit Police Department Statistics".

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2 Comments:

Blogger Toni said...

Uudet polisointistrategiat eivät näytä olevan syynä, koska esim. LA:ssahan rikollisuus nimenomaan ei laskenut, ja sielläkin sinne NY:stä muuttanut poliisipäällikkö ei ottanut suurinta osaa NY:ssä lanseeraamistaan strategioista käyttöön.

Sen sijaan poliisien määrän lisääntyminen, sekä mahdollisesti aborttilainsäädännön vapautuminen, näyttäisivät olevan pääsyitä. Lisää debaattia esim. täällä: http://www.isteve.com/abortion.htm

December 08, 2005 3:42 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

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March 02, 2006 2:15 PM  

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